Chemical salts are chemical compounds consisting of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions. Salts can also be defined as the product of the chemical reaction of an acid and a base.

There are different types of salts. Alkali salts produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water. Acidic salts are salts that produce hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. And there are neutral salts that are neither acidic nor basic. There are some chemical salts you need to know. This article explains six of these salts.

1. Calcium Chloride

Calcium Chloride is an inorganic salt with the chemical formula CaCl2. It is a crystalline shaped chemical with a whitish color and an odorless chemical. The chemical is formed from the combination of Hydrochloric Acid and Calcium Hydroxide. This chemical salt is soluble in water and alcohol.

Calcium Chloride is a very useful chemical salt that serves many purposes. It is used in cold and snowy areas to de-ice and prevent ice formation. It is more effective in de-icing than sodium chloride, which is its substitute. It is used in road construction to maintain a road. Due to its hygroscopic nature, it helps in keeping a road wet and disallow dust formation.

In the food industry, calcium chloride is used as a food additive. It is also used as a firming agent in the production of canned vegetables. It is used in other manufacturing companies such as beer manufacturers, beverages making, and cheese making. The chemical salt is also used as additives in plastic making and fire extinguishers.  CaCl2 also serves some functions in the construction industry and oil industry.

Calcium chloride is available for sale at Camachem.

2. Potassium Chloride

Potassium chloride also known as potassium salt. It is formed from the combination of potassium and chlorine and has the chemical formula KCl. It has a white crystalline solid appearance and it is odorless. It is soluble in water, akalies, glycerol and slightly soluble in alcohol.

Potassium chloride serves different functions in different industries. Majorly, it is used in the making of a fertilizer called Potash. Medically, it is used in the treatment of low blood potassium. It can also be used in cooking as a salt substitute. KCl can also be used in animal feeding and as a sodium-free table salt.

Potassium chloride is available for sale at Camachem.

3. Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride is the most popular type of chemical salts. It is otherwise known as table salt and has the chemical formula of NaCl. It is the combination of Sodium and Chlorine on a ratio of 1:1. It is known as the salt responsible for the salinity of the salt water. This salt is colorless and has a cubic crystal shape and is odorless. It is also soluble in water.

Sodium chloride is majorly used as table salt and for condiment purposes. Nonetheless, it has many other functions it serves in different industries. It is used in the solvay process for the formation of calcium chloride and sodium carbonate.

NaCl is used in the oil and gas industry as a flocculant. The textile and dyeing industry also use the salt as brine rinse for separating organic contaminants. It is used in the wood processing and paper making industry to bleach wood pulp. Salt is also used for water softening, adding firmness to soil in the construction industry, and also for de-icing.

Sodium chloride is available for sale at Camachem.

4. Copper Sulfate

Copper sulfate is an inorganic salt with the chemical formula CuSO4 for its anhydrous form. The anhydrous form is white in color. It has hydrate forms with the molecular formula of CuSO4.nH2O where n represents the number of water molecules. The most popular form is the pentahydrate form which has 5 water molecules. It is a bright blue color and crystalline shaped chemical.

Copper sulfate is produced industrially through the reaction of copper metals with sulphuric acid. The reaction of copper oxide and dilute sulphuric acid will also yield copper sulfate.

Copper sulfate is used for making herbicides and fungicides. It is used in the control of algae in lakes and ponds. It is also used to treat fish in aquariums from parasitic infection. It is used in the book making industry as an additive with glues to keep insects away from the book. In the construction and building industry, it is used as an additive with concrete to discourage the growth of algae and improve water resistance.

Copper sulfate also serves the function of coloring ingredients in pottery and glass making. It is also used as a mordant in vegetable dye making. In electronics, its aqueous solution is used as a resistive element in liquid resistors.

Copper sulfate is available for sale at Camachem.

5. Magnesium Sulfate

Magnesium sulfate is a chemical salt with the chemical formula MgSO4. It is the combination of magnesium cations and sulfate anions. It is a white crystalline solid and an odorless chemical. It occurs both as an anhydrous and hydrated form. The molecular formula for the hydrate form can be written as MgSO4.nH20 where n is the number of water molecules.

Magnesium sulfate can be used for different reasons. It is used as a bath salts for treating sore feet. It is also used for treatment of sore muscles and other muscle related pains. It is used in agriculture for increasing the magnesium and sulfur content of the soil. It is used in breweries as a brewing salt. It can serve as a coagulant and alternative for salt.

6. Zinc Chloride

Zinc chloride is another inorganic chemical salt with the chemical formula ZnCl2. It is a hygroscopic and deliquescent salt. It is a colorless salt with crystalline shape and it is odorless. It is soluble in water, ethanol, and glycerol. This salt is formed after the reaction of zinc and hydrochloric acid. It is also a product of treating any zinc metal with hydrochloric acid.

Zinc chloride salt is used in the metallurgy and textile industry. In metallurgy, it is used as a flux to either liberate HCL or to dissolve passivating oxides. It is used as a fireproofing agent in textile and paper processing. It is also used for the making of vulcanized paper. It can be used as a disinfectant and for wood preservation. It is also used for the making of smoke grenades.

Zinc Chloride is available for sale at Camachem.