Calcium chloride is an inorganic chemical compound with the chemical formula CaCl2. When at room temperature, it's a white crystalline solid which is highly soluble when in water. Calcium Chloride can be created through the neutralization of hydrochloric acid and calcium hydroxide.

Calcium chloride is also known as calcium dichloride, calcium(II) chloride, or neutral calcium chloride. Calcium chloride is a hazardous chemical and should be handled with care, here are some of the hazards and safety tips for handling calcium chloride.

1) Skin and Eye Contact

Skin and eye contact with calcium chloride are hazardous. Eye contact with calcium chloride can cause serious irritation and most likely eye burns. Skin contact with calcium chloride can cause burns and irritation most especially when the skin is moist or wet.

Once the eye comes in contact with Calcium chloride, ensure the eye is flushed with a lot of water for nothing less than 15 minutes, whilst lifting the lower and upper eyelids occasionally. When it comes in contact with the skin, flush with a lot of water immediately for about 15 minutes. Ensure the contaminated clothes are removed and washed before reuse.

To protect your eyes from coming in contact with calcium chloride ensure you wear safety goggles or recommended protective eyeglasses. To protect your skin, ensure you put on protective clothing(gloves, footwear).

2) Inhalation

Inhaling calcium chloride can cause serious irritation of the upper respiratory tract. It can also result in burns, pain, and inflammation. The victim should be removed from the area of exposure and move to where fresh air is. If the victim is not breathing, perform artificial respiration. If the victim has difficulty in breathing, give oxygen.

Calcium chloride should be used only in a well-ventilated area. Ensure you wear a respirator that follows the respirator regulations to avoid exposure.

3) Ingestion

Ingestion of calcium chloride can lead to serious irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. It can result in vomiting, possible burns, and nausea. It can also be hazardous when swallowed. It can also lead to rapid respiration, seizures, reduced heartbeat rage, and even death when ingested in large quantities.

When calcium chloride is ingested, don't induce vomiting. If the victim is alert and conscious, give about 3 cups of water or milk. Don't give anything to an unconscious victim. Try and get medical attention. Effective Personal equipment should be worn at all times to prevent Ingestion of calcium chloride. Most importantly, you should avoid eating, drinking, and smoking while handling the chemical.

4) Environmental Harm

There are dangers in using calcium chloride in large quantities. Calcium chloride in excessive quantities affects and contaminates drinking water, affecting its healthfulness and taste. Calcium chloride can affect aquatic life productivity and diversity negatively. Calcium chloride is toxic to aquatic organisms, fishes, and amphibians. Calcium chloride is harmful when released into lakes, streams, and wetlands, and tends to change the community structure of plants present there. Calcium chloride can also cause the death of some trees.

5) Packaging And Handling Procedures

Calcium chloride should be handled with care and properly due to it being a hazardous chemical. The chemical should be stored in a tightly sealed container and stored in a dry condition. It should be protected from physical damage and freezing. Calcium chloride can also be stored in sachets that won't allow the penetration of moisture.