Diethylenetriamine

Other Trading Names:

  • Bis(2-aminoethyl)amine
  • 2,2'-Diaminodiethylamine
  • Diethylene triamine

CAS Number: 111-40-0

HS Code: 2921 29 10

Types of Packaging:

  • 25 Kg Drum
  • 200 Kg Drum
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Diethylenetriamine

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Chemical Name

Diethylenetriamine

Purity

99%

Molecular Formula

C4h13n3

CAS Number

111-40-0

Appearance

Colorless Liquid

Grade Standard

Industrial Grade

Solubility

miscible

Melting Point

-40 ºC

Boiling Point

206 ºC

Density

0.955 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Chemical Description

  • Diethylenetriamine (DETA) is a linear aliphatic amine that exhibits properties of both amines and ethers due to its unique structure consisting of two ethyleneamine units joined by a secondary amine. It appears as a colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a strong ammoniacal odor.
  • DETA's chemical structure imparts it with high reactivity and versatility, making it an essential chemical in various industrial applications. It forms the backbone of many polyamide resins, contributing to their durability and chemical resistance.
  • In the realm of epoxy systems, DETA acts as a crucial curing agent, enhancing the mechanical strength and thermal stability of epoxy resins. This application is pivotal in the aerospace, automotive, and construction industries, where material performance is critical.
  • The chemical also finds use in the production of lubricants, where it functions as an additive that improves lubricity and prevents wear. Similarly, in fuel additives, DETA enhances fuel efficiency and reduces harmful emissions, aligning with environmental sustainability goals.
  • As a chelating agent, DETA has the ability to bind and neutralize metal ions, making it valuable in water treatment, paper manufacturing, and metalworking processes. It helps in controlling metal concentrations, preventing scale formation, and improving the quality of finished products.
  • DETA's versatility extends to the agriculture sector, where it serves as a component in pesticide formulations, enhancing their efficacy and stability.
  • In pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, DETA's role as a pH adjuster and emulsifier improves product stability and user experience.
  • Its solubility in water and organic solvents, combined with its ability to act as a building block for complex molecules, also makes DETA a preferred reactant in organic synthesis, leading to a wide range of chemical intermediates and specialty chemicals.
  • Despite its broad utility, DETA's handling requires caution due to its corrosive nature and potential health hazards upon exposure. Ensuring proper safety measures and handling procedures is paramount in its industrial use.
  • Diethylenetriamine's multifunctional characteristics, coupled with its reactivity and solubility, underscore its integral role across diverse industries, from advanced materials to environmental management.
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Diethylenetriamine