Benzoic Acid

Other Trading Names:

  • Carboxybenzene
  • E210
  • Dracylic acid
  • Phenylmethanoic acid
  • Phenylcarboxylic acid
  • Benzoyl alcohol
  • Benzoylic acid
  • Carboxylbenzene Hydrogenphenic acid
  • Phenoic acid

CAS Number: 65-85-0

HS Code: 29163100

Types of Packaging:

  • 25kg/Bag
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Benzoic Acid

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Chemical Name

Benzoic Acid



Molecular Formula


CAS Number



White Powder, Granules, or Flake

Grade Standard

Industrial Grade


1.7 g/L at 0°C, 56.31g/L at 100°C


1.27 g/cm 3

Chemical Description


  • Benzoic Acid is an aromatic carboxylic acid with the chemical formula C7H6O2, characterized by a benzene ring attached to a carboxylic acid group. It appears as white crystals or a crystalline powder with a distinct odor and is known for its antifungal and antibacterial properties.
  • In the food industry, Benzoic Acid serves as a vital preservative, known as E210, extending the shelf life of various food products by preventing the growth of mold, yeast, and bacteria. It is commonly used in acidic foods such as jams, soft drinks, and pickles.
  • The pharmaceutical sector employs Benzoic Acid in the formulation of medicines, particularly as an excipient to improve the efficacy of active drug ingredients. It also has applications in treating skin diseases due to its antifungal properties.
  • In cosmetics and personal care products, Benzoic Acid and its salts are utilized as preservatives to prevent the growth of microorganisms, enhancing the safety and longevity of products like lotions, shampoos, and toothpastes.
  • Benzoic Acid plays a role in industrial processes, such as the production of plasticizers, which improve the flexibility and durability of plastics. It is also a precursor in the synthesis of various organic substances including phenol, caprolactam, and benzoyl chloride, contributing to the manufacturing of nylon and other synthetic fibers.
  • The chemical is involved in organic synthesis, where it serves as a starting material for producing a multitude of compounds, including dyes, perfumes, and pharmaceuticals. Its versatility in reactions makes it a valuable component in the development of new chemical entities.
  • In the realm of environmental science, Benzoic Acid is studied for its potential in bioremediation, aiding in the breakdown of organic pollutants due to its biodegradable nature.
  • Benzoic Acid's widespread use across various industries is attributed to its preservative properties, role in organic synthesis, and its utility in enhancing product safety and effectiveness. Its balanced solubility and moderate melting point facilitate its application in diverse environments, making it an essential chemical in multiple sectors.
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Benzoic Acid