Nitrobenzene

Other Trading Names:

  • Nitrobenzol
  • Mirbane Oil
  • 1-Nitrobenzene

CAS Number: 98-95-3

HS Code: 29042010

Types of Packaging:

  • 200kg/ iron drum
Inquiry right-arrow $100.00
Availability: In stock
SKU
Nitrobenzene

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Specification

Purity

  ≥99.8%

Avoiding crystallization point

  ≥5.5°C

low-boiling-point substance

  ≤0.05%

Total nitrotoluene

  ≤0.05%

High-boiling-point substance

≤0.10%

Water 

≤0.10%

Chemical Description

  • Nitrobenzene (chemical formula: C6H4NO2) is a yellowish, oily, aromatic nitro-compound. The most important application of nitrobenzene (consuming 95%) is for the manufacturing of aniline, which is an important industrial precursor.
  • Besides aniline, it can also be used to generate related derivatives such as azobenzene, nitrosobenzene and phenylhydroxylamine. Moreover, it can be used for the production of lubricating oils, dyes, drugs, pesticides, and synthetic rubber.
  • Another special application of it is masking unpleasant odors emitting from shoe, floor polisher, and leather as well as paint solvents.
  • In addition, it can sometimes be used as a solvent, especially for electrophilic reagents in the laboratory. The nitrobenzene is mainly manufactured through the nitration of benzene with the mixture of concentrated sulfuric acid, water and nitric acid. However, the reaction process is quite dangerous due to the exothermicity of the reaction.
  • Nitrobenzene has a single nitro group attached to a benzene ring. It is an oily yellow liquid with an almond-like odor.It is moderately soluble in water (1.9 g/l at 20 °C) and is soluble in alcohol, acetone, ether, and benzene (IARC, 1996).
  • It has an explosive limit of 1.8% by volume in air, representing a fire hazard.Nitrobenzene is a synthetic, volatile compound produced primarily for use to manufacture aniline. It is also used as a solvent in refining petroleum and lubricating oils, and in production of dyes, synthetic rubber, pesticides, and drugs including acetaminophen and metoclopramide.
  • Small amounts of nitrobenzene are used as a flavoring agent for soaps and as a solvent for shoe dyes (HSDB, 2009; IARC, 1996). Dinitrobenzene isomers (1, 2-, 1, 3-, and 1, 4-) are used in organic synthesis of dyes, pesticides, and industrial solvents. 1,3-Dinitrobenzene and 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene are chemicals found in the production of explosives.
  • Nitrobenzene and all isomers (1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-) of dinitrobenzene can be absorbed by all routes of exposures and may cause irritation in the respiratory tract and skin. 1,3- Dinitrobenzene and 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene are of severe explosive hazard.
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Nitrobenzene