Frequently Asked Question About Hydrochloric Acid
What is Hydrochloric Acid?
Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless liquid formed by the dissolution of hydrogen chloride gas in water. It has numerous applications and its characteristics include a distinct pungent odor and corrosive properties. Hydrochloric acid has a high concentration of hydrogen atoms and is therefore considered a strong acid. It is a valuable Industrial Chemical.
What is Hydrochloric Acid Used for?
Hydrochloric acid has a plethora of uses in various household and industrial applications. They include:
- Getting rid of impurities like rust in steel mills and electroplating shops.
- Making household cleaners such as tile and toilet bowl cleaners.
- Processing food products like corn syrups included in cereals and soft drinks.
- It is effectively employed in the production of batteries.
- It is also used in leather processing industries
- HCL is crucial to production of organic compounds such as bisphenol A used in pharmaceutical manufacturing.
What is the Chemical Formula of Hydrochloric Acid?
Hydrochloric acid’s chemical formula is HCl.
Is Hydrochloric Acid Harmful to Life?
Hydrochloric acid is a poisonous liquid and, therefore, harmful to life. It’s highly corrosive and damages tissues when it comes into contact with the skin, eyes, and mucus membranes. Ingesting concentrated Hydrochloric acid leads to severe injuries in the mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach. These injuries can be fatal.
Where is Hydrochloric Acid Found? What does Hydrochloric Acid Look Like?
Hydrochloric acid is present in the human digestive system. It is secreted by parietal cells and is one of the primary components of gastric acid. Gases released by volcanoes also contain HCL in some quantity. Some industries burn chlorine in hydrogen to produce small amounts of Hydrochloric acid. It is a colorless liquid and sometimes come in slightly yellowish appearance.
What are the Hazardous Effects of Hydrochloric Acid?
Hydrochloric acid corrodes tissue in the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Continued exposure can result in respiratory tract irritation, swelling and spasming of the throat, and suffocation.
What are Precautionary Measures Necessary to be Taken to Handle Hydrochloric Acid?
Since Hydrochloric acid is toxic and corrosive, it needs special containers, clear labels, and a dry, well-ventilated room for storage. Handlers should also wear chemical safety goggles and protective clothing like gloves and boots to avoid contacting it.
What will happen if Hydrochloric Acid is Heated?
On heating, hydrochloric acid produces significant amounts of hydrochloric acid fumes.
Is Hydrochloric Acid Soluble Compound?
Hydrogen chloride, the gas used to make hydrochloric acid, is soluble in water. Moreover, despite HCl being a covalent compound, its dissolution in water is facilitated by its willingness to break up into ions.
Where Can I Buy Hydrochloric Acid?
You can purchase Hydrochloric acid from a reputable supplier like Camachem. Here at Camachem, we prioritize our client’s needs and endeavor to serve them diligently. Our Hydrochloric Acid (HCL) 33% product is readily available for international shipping. Contact us for more information.
How Much Does Hydrochloric Acid Cost?
The current free-on-board (FOB) price of hydrochloric acid at Camachem may vary due to different variables such as manufacturing cost etc.
What is the PH of Hydrochloric Acid?
Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid and a component of gastric acid. Its normal PH falls between 1.5 to 3.5.
Is Hydrochloric Acid an Electrolyte Compound?
The dissolution of hydrochloric acid in water causes dissociation and results in separate negatively charged chloride ions and positively charged hydrogen ions. Therefore, it is a strong electrolyte.
Can Hydrochloric Acid Go Down the Drain?
Proper disposal of hydrochloric acid requires you to dilute the chemical with large amounts of water. Then pour the solution down the drain and flush with more water.
What is the Difference Between Hydrochloric Acid and Sulphuric Acid?
Hydrochloric acid has one hydrogen atom and one chlorine atom, whereas sulphuric acid (H2SO4) contains two hydrogen atoms, one sulfur atom, and four oxygen atoms. Sulphuric acid is also odorless, but hydrochloric acid has a strong smell. Moreover, Sulphuric acid is mostly used to manufacture explosives, fertilizers, dyes, and inorganic salts while HCl is present in some cleaning solutions and pharmaceutical products.