Perhaps you’ve been trying to understand the difference between Oxalic Acid and Hydrochloric acid. If you’ve also been trying to understand what Oxalic acid and Hydrochloric acid really are, then this article is for you.

What is Oxalic Acid?

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Oxalic acid for sale on Camachem.

Oxalic acid is an organic compound that is toxic, crystalline, odorless and colorless belonging to the carboxylic acids family. Oxalic acid can be found in plants and vegetables. It can also be called Oxiric acid or Ethanedioic acid.

Oxalic acid was prepared synthetically for the first time in 1776. It can be produced by fermenting sugar in the presence of mold, or through heating sodium formate in an alkali catalyst.

To get to know more about oxalic acid, Read on!

Chemical Properties of Oxalic Acid

Here are some of the chemical properties of oxalic acid:

  • Its chemical formula is C2H2O4.
  • Oxalic acid has a molecular weight of 90.03g/mol.
  • It is a reducing agent.
  • Oxalic acid is a dibasic acid that can donate two H+ ions.

General use of Oxalic Acid

The application of Oxalic Acid in various industries is stated below:

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Oxalic acid for sale on Camachem.

Oxalic acid for cleaning

When used appropriately, oxalic acid is an effective and reliable cleaner. It can be used to remove difficult stains sidewalks, swimming pools, buildings, or iron machineries. It can also be used as a wood bleach to restore woods that are unfinished or stained to their natural color.

While cleaning with oxalic acid, remember that it’s an acid. Ensure you put on protective clothing.

Oxalic acid uses in agriculture

Oxalic acid plays an important role in plants. It helps regulate the concentration of calcium which is important for the proper functioning of guard cells. It also helps plants growing in acidic soil by providing tolerance to aluminum toxicity.

Oxalic acid also helps plants to defend themselves against grazing animals and insects. Oxalic acid can also be used to preserve food . It helps to stop the growth of bacteria in foods.

Oxalic acid medicinal use

Oxalic acid is used in the medical field, as a purifying element. It is also oftentimes used to dilute certain chemical elements.

Oxalic Acid FAQ

Here are the frequently asked questions about oxalic acid:

Is Oxalic Acid a strong acid?

No, oxalic acid is weak. It is a soft acid and is even weaker than water.

What’s the source of Oxalic Acid?

Early researchers were able to isolate oxalic acid from kidney stones, whose main constituent was calcium oxalate. Oxalic acid is also found in the family of brassicas and spinach (sprouts, cabbage, Brussels, broccoli). It can also be found in umbellifers and sorrels.

How do I neutralize oxalic acid?

Since oxalic is an acid it has to be neutralized before use. To use oxalic acid, flood the surface with baking soda and water at least two times and leave it to dry overnight. To make the surface fully dry, sand it with 220 paper.

What is Hydrochloric Acid?

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Hydrochloric acid for sale on Camachem.

Hydrochloric acid is a colorless, water-based solution of hydrogen chloride. It has a strong odor. It can also be called muriatic acid or hydrogen chloride.

Hydrochloric acid can be classified as a strong acid. It composes the gastric acid that is present in the digestive system of animals and humans.

Chemical Properties of Hydrochloric Acid

Below are some of the chemical properties of Hydrochloric acid;

  • Its chemical formula is HCl.
  • It has a molar mass of 36.458 g/mol.
  • Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid.

What is the formula for Hydrochloric acid?

Hydrochloric acid is the combination of hydrogen and chlorine. The chemical formula is represented as HCL.

Hydrochloric acid pH

Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. It has a pH level between 3.01 to 3.50.

Hydrochloric Acid Uses

The application in different industries is stated below:

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Hydrochloric acid for sale on Camachem.

Hydrochloric acid uses in cleaning

Hydrochloric acid is highly corrosive, hereby making it a useful chemical when it comes to the removal of stains. It can also be used to remove rust from iron and copper. It can also be used to clean tiles in kitchens and bathrooms, as it can also serve as a disinfectant.

Hydrochloric Acid uses in agriculture/food

Hydrochloric acid can be used as a means of purifying table salts. It is also used to process and produce several feeding items such as cereals and crackers. It can also be used to enhance flavor and reduce food spoilage.

What is hydrochloric acid used for in medicine?

Hydrochloric acid is used in various ways in the medical field, it is used as a disinfectant for surfaces contaminated by tuberculosis. It can also serve as a sanitizer.

Hydrochloric Acid FAQ

The following are frequently asked questions on hydrochloric acid;

Is Hydrochloric acid flammable?

No, Hydrochloric acid is not flammable or combustible. However, it is toxic and can cause injury to the human skin.

Where is Hydrochloric acid produced?

Hydrochloric acid can be found in the human body- the digestive system. It is one of the principal constituents of gastric acid. Volcanic released gasses also contain Hydrochloric acid to some extent. The combination of hydrogen molecules and chlorine in the laboratory will also give hydrochloric acid.

How to dispose Hydrochloric acid?

Dilute the acid by pouring it into a large amount of water. Be careful not to pour water into the acid but pour the acid into the water. You can flush down the drain after the dilution.

How to store Hydrochloric acid?

Hydrochloric acid should be kept in a well ventilated area void of moisture. You must also keep away from oxidizing agents.

What are the precautionary measures that should be taken while handling Hydrochloric acid?

Since Hydrochloric acid is corrosive and toxic, it is advisable that it be kept in special containers with clear labels and in a well-ventilated environment. While handling Hydrochloric acid, ensure you put on protective clothing.

Difference between Oxalic and Hydrochloric Acid

Even though they are similar there are some differences between Oxalic and Hydrochloric acid;

Key difference in chemical form

One of the main differences between Oxalic acid and Hydrochloric acid is the difference in their chemical characteristics. Oxalic acid is a weak acid while Hydrochloric acid is a strong poisonous acid.

Substitutes of Oxalic Acid

Nitric acid in low concentration can be used to replace oxalic acid. It helps to give a gold surface to aging surfaces. Sulfuric acid is also used to replace oxalic acid in the cleansing of metals. It helps in oxidation removal from iron and steel, thereby strengthening the metal for use in automobile production.

Substitutes of Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrochloric acid can be easily substituted with vinegar. Descalex powder can also be used to replace Hydrochloric acid when it comes to cleaning Tiles, cemented surfaces and stones.

Conclusion

Both oxalic acid and Hydrochloric acid are both similar in usage. However there are some differences. While they are both similar in appearance, they have different chemical forms and characteristics. Both chemicals are available for sale on Camachem.