What is Hydrogen Peroxide?

Hydrogen Peroxide is a chemical compound that, when in its pure form, is a very pale blue liquid that is a little denser than water. It can be used as a bleaching agent, oxidizer, antiseptic, and in higher quantities for industrial use. It is a weak, colorless acid that can be mixed easily with water.

Hydrogen peroxide decomposes once exposed to heat due to being an unstable compound.

Properties of Hydrogen Peroxide (chemical structure, chemical/physical properties)

The following are the chemical and physical properties of Hydrogen peroxide;

Hydrogen Peroxide formula

The chemical formula for Hydrogen peroxide is H2O2

Hydrogen Peroxide density

The density of hydrogen peroxide is about 1.11g/cm³( when it's at 20°C, 30%w/w solution) and 1.1450(when it's at 20°C pure).

Hydrogen Peroxide boiling point

The boiling point of hydrogen peroxide is 150.2°C or 302.4°F or 423.3K.

Hydrogen Peroxide melting point

The melting point of Hydrogen peroxide is -0.43°C or 31.23°F or 272.72K.

Hydrogen Peroxide structure

The structure of hydrogen peroxide is known as non-planar

Hydrogen Peroxide pH

Hydrogen peroxide has a pH of 6.2, which makes it an acid.

Hydrogen Peroxide molar mass

The molar mass of Hydrogen peroxide is 34.0147g/mol.

Is Hydrogen Peroxide water soluble

Hydrogen peroxide is soluble in water. It's also soluble in alcohol and ether but insoluble in petroleum ether.

Hydrogen Peroxide uses/uses of Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen Peroxide is a chemical compound that can be employed in several ways, some of which include:

Hydrogen Peroxide as an antiseptic

Hydrogen peroxide is an antiseptic used in cleaning wounds that kill pathogens through the production of oxygen locally and by oxidation.

Hydrogen Peroxide as a detoxifying mining agent

Hydrogen Peroxide is a very active chemical in the mining industry. It is used in treating mining effluent containing Cyanide. It is also used as a gold leaching agent, and an effective one at that.

Hydrogen Peroxide as a bleaching agent

About 60% of the hydrogen peroxide being produced in the world is being used to make paper and pulp bleaching. The second major Application of hydrogen peroxide is in manufacturing sodium perborate and sodium percarbonate, which were used for mild bleach in detergents for laundry.

Hydrogen Peroxide’s safety

Hydrogen peroxide is an acid that is toxic when handled indiscriminately. Here are some of the effects of contact with hydrogen peroxide:

Skin contact with Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is absorbed poorly through intact skin. It is mildly irritating the mucous membrane and skin when used as a disinfectant in the house. It's highly irritating and might be corrosive.

Eye contact with Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is corrosive to the eyes. It is likely to cause corneal damage, irritation, and eye burns. Severe eye exposure might result in damage or ulceration of the eyes. 

Inhalation/ingestion of Hydrogen Peroxide

Inhaling vapor, mist, or hydrogen peroxide aerosol might lead to significant morbidity. Hydrogen peroxide is nearly odorless and isn't irritating except when at a high concentration. This makes it difficult for people to be aware of its presence. Hydrogen peroxide might cause asphyxiation In poorly ventilated, enclosed, or low-lying areas. When ingested, hydrogen peroxide with about 9% concentration is nontoxic. However, a 3% concentration would cause mild irritation to the mucosal tissue and might cause diarrhea and vomiting.

How is Hydrogen Peroxide made?

Over 99% of the hydrogen peroxide being made in the world is manufactured through the autoxidation process. Hydrogen peroxide is made through the catalytic reaction of hydrogen (H2) with atmospheric oxygen (O2). Hydrogen peroxide is generally made through the following process:

  • Hydrogenation on a safeguard catalyst creates a reaction between anthraquinone and hydrogen, hereby producing anthrahydroquinone.
  • The safeguarded catalyst is then filtered out of the resulting solution
  • Oxidation then takes place by blowing air through the solution, hereby giving hydrogen peroxide.
  • The hydrogen peroxide is now extracted and purified, and concentrated through the use of a vacuum distiller.

Hydrogen peroxide is also found naturally occurring in ground and surface water, as well as in the atmosphere. It is also made in animals and humans as a part of a biochemical process.

Which countries manufacture/export Hydrogen Peroxide in bulk? 

Hydrogen peroxide is mainly exported by Belgium, Netherlands, South Korea, Thailand, and Germany. The main producers of Hydrogen Peroxide are China, the United States, Britain, Canada, and India.

How is Hydrogen Peroxide exported/ How is Hydrogen Peroxide transported?

Hydrogen peroxide can be exported to different countries by air. When it's been shipped by air, it's expected that the packaging is hermetically closed. Because hydrogen peroxide emits oxygen, enough ullage must be in the packages to avoid bursting.

The national regulations of countries might differ from one another and are always being refused. If you're willing to export Hydrogen peroxide, ensure you refer to the applicable nation's regulations.

Hydrogen Peroxide FAQs

Herein are some of the frequently asked questions on Hydrogen peroxide:

What is Hydrogen Peroxide used for?

Hydrogen peroxide is used in various industries. It can also be used as a mouth rinse, disinfectant, bleaching agent, and antiseptic.

Is Hydrogen Peroxide safe for humans?

Hydrogen Peroxide is generally safe for humans if it is handled carefully. However, if it comes in contact with the skin, it might cause burning, irritation, and blistering.

What is the common name of hydrogen peroxide?

The common name for hydrogen peroxide includes hydroperoxide, hydrogen dioxide, and peroxide.

Can I use hydrogen peroxide on my skin?

Hydrogen peroxide serves as a disinfectant but should not be applied in large quantities on the skin. This is because it might make wounds heal slowly and cause irritation. You should only use hydrogen peroxide after consultation with your doctor.

When should you not use hydrogen peroxide?

Hydrogen peroxide is often abused due to its availability. However, hydrogen peroxide shouldn't be applied to open wounds and shouldn't be used to treat acne.

Is hydrogen peroxide the same as bleach?

Hydrogen peroxide is used as a bleaching agent but is not the same as bleach.

Does hydrogen peroxide remove stains?

Hydrogen peroxide is an effective stain remover for plant and protein-based stains. It also works well in treating blood, mildew, vegetable, dye transfer, and fruit stains.

What does hydrogen peroxide look like?

Hydrogen peroxide, in its pure form, is very pale blue.

Where to buy Hydrogen Peroxide / Where can I buy Hydrogen Peroxide? 

Hydrogen peroxide is available for sale here at CamaChem. The company is reputable for shipping chemicals to clients in different countries of the world. You can use the free quotation option to find out about the price of the chemical.