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What is Hydrochloric Acid?


Hydrochloric Acid, also known as muriatic acid, is an industrial chemical made up of the elements hydrogen and chlorine. It appears as a colorless and transparent liquid. It is an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride. It has a distinctive pungent odor. It is soluble in water and alcohol but not in hydrocarbons. Hydrochloric Acid is also known as muriatic acid and its chemical formula is HCl. It comes in the form of Hydrochloric Acid 33%.

Hydrochloric Acid Properties

Hydrochloric acid possesses many unique characteristics and is used in many different industries, practices, and cleaning supplies.

Hydrochloric Acid Formula

The molecular formula for hydrochloric acid is HCI. It is derived from dissolving Hydrogen and Chloride in water.

H - Cl

Hydrochloric acid molar mass

The molarity of hydrochloric acid is 10.17 mol/lit. The molecular weight of hydrochloric acid is 36.45. More about its molar mass can be found here.

Hydrochloric acid density

The density of hydrochloric acid is 1.159 kg/lit or 36.47 g/mol. However, this will vary due to concentration of elements in an aqueous solution. It is most commonly found in a 33% solution between hydrogen chloride and water.

Hydrochloric acid pH

Hydrochloric acid has a normal pH between -1.5 to 3.5. It is an essential component of gastric acid in many animals. Its common form of 33% concentration has a pH of -1.

Hydrochloric Acid Boiling Point

The boiling point of hydrochloric acid is 84. This is due to the fact that hydrochloric acid easily dissolves in water and other aqueous solutions.

Hydrochloric Acid Uses

Hydrochloric Acid 33% is an extremely useful chemical. It is an industrial chemical that is most commonly used in the metal cleaning and treatment industries. Its uses are:

  • It is used as a cleaning agent for household, commercial, and industrial purposes.
  • In the pharmaceutical industries it is used as a catalyst in synthesis, pH control, deionisation of water, and as a reduction agent.
  • It is also used in the production processes of many organic chemicals.

Petroleum Well

Hydrochloric Acid (HCl 33%) is used in the stimulation of petroleum wells. Stimulation process involves the removal of rust, scales, and undesirable carbonate deposits in oil wells. This enhances the flow of crude oil or gas to the wells.

Oil Well Acid

Due to its highly corrosive nature, hydrochloric acid is used to remove impurities from oil wells. Hydrochloric acid is used to remove oil, rust, and undesirable carbon deposits to encourage flow of oil deposits. The hydrochloric acid is inserted into the well formation, dissolved into rock as it seeps through, breaking it apart, creating cracks, and allowing the flow of oil.

Pickled Steel

It is used for steel pickling for carbon alloy and stainless steels. Steel pickling is a process in which iron oxides and scales are removed from the steel surface. Still pickling is essential before moving on to the next process of steel processing because it prepares the metal for further forming.

Chemical Industry

  • Other metal related applications include aluminium etching, metal prefixing for galvanising and soldering, and metal cleaning.
  • HCl is also used in the food industry in the processing of a variety of food products.
  • It is extensively used in the mining industry for ore treatment, extraction, separation, and purification.
  • It is used in the manufacture of dyes, phenols, and plastics.
  • It is used to produce chemical intermediates like FeCl3, ZnCl2, AlCl3 and many more.

Water Treatment

Hydrochloric Acid is highly soluble in water and has high neutralizing capacity. Hydrochloric acid treats water by breaking down oils, waste, and compounds. It lowers the pH to make its properties more favorable.

Food Industry

  • Hydrochloric acid is used in the production of syrups. Wet cornstarch is mixed with diluted hydrochloric acid, then heated under pressure to create high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). It alters the pH of HFCS in order to modify its acidity.
  • Hydrochloric acid is used in the production of vegetable proteins, gelatin, canned goods, and soy sauce.
  • Animal feed can also be produced from hydrochloric acid to create choline chloride, a key ingredient.

Calcium Chloride

  • The neutralization of Hydrochloric Acid with limestone produces calcium chloride.
  • Calcium chloride is used to highway division, dust control, oil recovery, concrete treatment, and tire blasting.


How Is Hydrochloric Acid Made?

Industrially, Hydrochloric Acid is made by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. Large scale production is almost always integrated with the industrial scale production of other chemicals such as in the chloralkali process.

The video below demonstrates in depth how hydrochloric acid can be made:​​Make Hydrochloric Acid

Is Hydrochloric Acid Dangerous?

Hydrochloric Acid is generally considered unsafe because the chemical is toxic. Exposure to this chemical can have acute or chronic health effects, as it is highly corrosive.

Hydrochloric Acid Hazards

According to the MSDS of Hydrochloric Acid, it may cause coughing, difficulty in breathing, and nausea if inhaled. In case of skin contact it may cause severe burns. Eye contact may cause severe injury, burns, or even death. It can also be very harmful if swallowed. Prolonged exposure to hydrochloric acid has been shown to cause chronic bronchitis, gastritis, dermatitis, and corrosion of the mucous membranes.

Special instruction before contact or use is highly recommended. All safety recommendations and precautions must be understood by all users. The EPA demands that hydrochloric acid not be inhaled, ingested, or touched. If swallowed, immediately call poison control and rinse your mouth. If inhaled, reach fresh air and focus on breathing. If on skin or hair, remove all contaminated clothing and wash skin and hair thoroughly. If experiencing any negative symptoms after any exposure, call a doctor, emergency room, or poison control.

To prevent exposure, wear safety goggles to protect eyes. Have eye wash fountains nearby in case eye exposure takes place. Wear rubber gloves, boots, long sleeves, and chemical resistant clothing to protect yourself from skin exposure. Tuck pant legs inside the boots to avoid accidental exposure, contamination, or tripping.

How To Store Hydrochloric Acid

Proper storage and disposal of Hydrochloric Acid needs to be taken into consideration in order to avoid any unwanted effects. It should be kept in a dry, cool area, away from moisture. Since it will corrode metallic surfaces, keep it away from any incompatible materials. These materials include:

  • Oxidizing agents
  • Organic materials
  • Metals
  • Alkilis

Never store hydrochloric acid in metal containers. It will corride and lead to spills. It needs to be stored in a tightly closed container. Keep in a well-ventilated place.


Exporters of Hydrochloric Acid

The consumption of Hydrochloric Acid has increased dramatically across the world, especially in the developing countries. Therefore, its huge demand has led to a surge in companies that produce it. The main producers of Hydrochloric Acid are:

  • China
  • United States of America
  • Japan
  • India
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom

Hydrochloric acid has various other names used by scientists and traders alike. Other names for hydrochloric acid include:

  • HCl 33%
  • Muriatic Acid
  • Spirits of Salt
  • Hydronium Chloride
  • Chlorhydric Acid
  • Anhydrous Hydrogen Chloride
  • Hydrochloride

How Is Hydrochloric Acid Transported?

Hydrochloric Acid is shipped in:

  • IBC drum with 1250 kg weight capacity per drum
  • 30 kg weight capacity per drum Big bags with 1200kg weight capacity per bag


Hydrochloric Acid For Sale

Although there are many companies that sell hydrochloric acid, there are very few that see the whole sales process through a high-quality chemical. Camachem sells high-grade hydrochloric acid from trustworthy producers. Camachem helps customers with procurement from the start of the process all the way to the finish.

Where To Buy Hydrochloric Acid

You may be able to find small quantities of Hydrochloric Acid in your area. However, in order to buy large quantities of Hydrochloric Acid, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which is better than buying the chemical in small quantities locally or from a distributor.

If you require bulk quantities of this chemical, you can buy Hydrochloric Acid 33% on our website or contact us for further details.

What are the synonyms for the product?

The product in question is labeled as Lab Alley's Hydrochloric Acid, 7% Solution, Lab Grade. Lab Grade chemicals, also known as chemically pure or Laboratory reagents, typically do not meet recognized quality or purity standards like ACS Grade, USP Grade, or FCC Grade, despite their acceptable purity. In this case, Lab Alley's Hydrochloric Acid, 7% Solution, indicates that it contains approximately 7% by weight of pure Hydrogen Chloride gas dissolved in around 70% by weight of purified Water. Therefore, the product's grade is Lab Grade and its percent purity is 7%.


How can the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and Certificate of Analysis (COA) be requested for the product?

To request the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and Certificate of Analysis (COA) for the Hydrochloric Acid 7% Solution, please get in touch with us. We will be more than happy to provide you with the necessary documentation.


Latest Hydrochloric Acid Price

The latest price of hydrochloric acid is $250.00/ton. However, since Hydrochloric Acid is a commodity product, the price usually changes depending on the price of raw materials, logistics, and other related industrial inputs such as labor and taxes. In order to get the latest price of Hydrochloric Acid, please contact us and we will provide a quotation right up to your country.

Hydrochloric Acid FAQ

What is the viscosity of Hydrochloric Acid?

The viscosity of hydrochloric acid is around 1.8 mPa.

Why is hydrochloric acid dangerous?

Hydrochloric acid is dangerous because both acute and chronic exposure can lead to detrimental effects. Due to its corrosive properties, it is highly toxic, and one should probably seek immediate medical attention if they ingest, inhale, or touch hydrochloric acid. Occupational exposure to hydrochloric acid may occur, so it is important to implement the steps necessary to mitigate these risks. Wear protective goggles, gloves, close-toes shoes, and other protective equipment.

What is hydrochloric acid made of?

Hydrochloric acid is formed when hydrogen chloride reacts with water. Hydrogen chloride is a compound containing two elements: hydrogen and chlorine. It presents itself as a gas at room temperature. The direct combination of these two reacts rapidly as it dissolves in water.

What does hydrochloric acid do?

Hydrochloric acid is used in the production of many products. It can be used in cleaning, food production, water treatment, highway construction, steel production, dye production, and much more.

Cleaning Products

Hydrochloric acid is used to clean concrete, as well as other materials on an industrial sale. Hydrochloric acid is a common household cleaner ingredient. It is used to clean toiletes and porcelain tile.

Dye Manufacturing

Dyes are synthesized from chemical reactions in a soluble water medium. As aromatic bases react with acids, salt is released. These colored, organic base salts form the base for many industrial dyes.

Textile Production

Hydrochloric acid is used to pre-treat cotton for further production and dyes. It loosens and cleanses fibers by attacking weakening fibers. Hydrochloric acid neutralizes alkiline residuals in cotton.

Molded Rubber Products

During a process that roughly lasts 3 months, concentrated hydrochloric acid with hydrocarbon to form an impermeable membrane. It chlorinated the surface so that rubber crust can form on the edges.

What are the effects of hydrochloric acid on the skin?

When hydrochloric acid comes into contact with skin, it can cause damage and inflammation of the skin. Higher exposure can cause severe chemical burns and damage to mucous membranes.

Is Hydrochloric Acid a strong acid?

Due to its corrosive and toxic properties, hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. It often needs to be diluted down into a smaller form for industrial use. It dissociates almost completely in water, whereas a weaker acid will not.

Is Hydrochloric Acid harmful to humans?

When coming near or into contact with hydrochloric acid, much caution must be used. Hydrochloric acid is not safe for human consumption, touch, or inhalation. It is a very toxic and corrosive chemical, so it can leave both immediate and detrimental effects.