Sodium Chloride

Other Trading Names:

  • Table Salt
  • Rock Salt

CAS Number: 7647-14-5

HS Code: 25010019

Types of Packaging:

  • 25kg/Bag
  • 1000 kg/Jumbo Bag
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Availability: In stock
Sodium Chloride

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Sodium Chloride (NaCl)


Calcium (Ca)


Magnesium (Mg)


Sulfate (SO4)


Insoluble Matter in Water


Moisture Content


Heavy Metals (as Pb)


Arsenic (As)


Chemical Description

  • Sodium chloride (NaCl), commonly known as table salt or just salt, is a ubiquitous compound found in nature and extensively used across various industries and daily life applications.
  • Chemically, it is composed of sodium cations (Na+) and chloride anions (Cl-) arranged in a crystalline lattice structure.
  • The compound is typically obtained through the evaporation of seawater or the mining of salt deposits from underground mines.
  • In its pure form, sodium chloride appears as colorless cubic crystals that are odorless and taste salty.
  • Its solubility in water is exceptionally high, making it easily dissolved to form a saline solution.
  • One of the primary applications of sodium chloride is in food processing, where it serves multiple purposes.
  • As a flavor enhancer, sodium chloride imparts the characteristic salty taste to a wide range of food products, enhancing their palatability.
  • Additionally, it acts as a preservative by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, thereby extending the shelf life of perishable foods.
  • In the culinary world, salt is used not only for seasoning but also in various food preservation techniques such as curing meats and pickling vegetables.
  • In the pharmaceutical industry, sodium chloride finds extensive use in the preparation of saline solutions.
  • These solutions, known as saline or saline drips, are isotonic to human blood and are used for intravenous fluid therapy, wound irrigation, and nasal irrigation.
  • Sodium chloride also plays a crucial role in water treatment processes, particularly in water softening and desalination.
  • In water softening, it is employed to regenerate ion exchange resins, which remove hardness ions such as calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) from water.
  • Furthermore, sodium chloride is a key raw material in the chemical industry, particularly in the production of chlorine and sodium hydroxide through the electrolysis of brine (sodium chloride solution).
  • Chlorine, in turn, is utilized in the manufacture of a wide range of products including PVC, solvents, disinfectants, and bleach.
  • Moreover, sodium chloride is used in metallurgical processes, textile dyeing, and as a deicing agent for roads and sidewalks during winter months.
  • Its versatility, abundance, and low cost make sodium chloride an indispensable compound in modern industry and everyday life.
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Sodium Chloride