Acetonitrile

Other Trading Names:

  • Methyl Cyanide
  • Ethanenitrile
  • Cyanomethane
  • ACN

CAS Number: 75-05-8

HS Code: 29269000

Types of Packaging:

  • 160 kg /Steel Drum
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Acetonitrile

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Chemical Name

Acetonitrile

Purity

≥99%

Molecular Formula

C2H3N

CAS Number

75-05-8

Appearance

Colorless Liquid

Grade Standard

Industrial Grade, Laboratory Grade, HPLC Grade

Solubility

Soluble in water

Melting Point

-45℃

Boiling Point

82℃

Density

0.786 g/cm³

Chemical Description

  • Acetonitrile (ACN), also known as methyl cyanide or ethanenitrile, is a chemical compound with the formula C2H3N. It is a colorless, volatile liquid with a faint ether-like odor. Acetonitrile is widely used in various industries due to its solvent properties, high boiling point, and ability to dissolve a range of polar and nonpolar substances.
  • In the chemical industry, Acetonitrile is commonly used as a solvent for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), providing excellent separation and analysis of compounds. It is also used in the synthesis of organic compounds, such as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and specialty chemicals.
  • In the pharmaceutical sector, Acetonitrile serves as a solvent for drug formulation and as a medium for recrystallization and purification of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Its low reactivity and high solvency make it a preferred choice for many applications.
  • The electronics industry relies on Acetonitrile for the cleaning and processing of electronic components. It is used in the manufacturing of semiconductors and other electronic devices due to its high dielectric constant and stability at elevated temperatures.
  • Acetonitrile is also utilized in industrial cleaning and degreasing applications, owing to its ability to dissolve oils, greases, and other organic residues effectively.
  • In the laboratory, Acetonitrile is a common solvent for chemical analysis and research. It is used in titrations, extractions, and various chemical reactions due to its high purity and versatility.
  • Furthermore, Acetonitrile is used in the production of synthetic fibers, plastics, and resins, contributing to the manufacturing processes of these materials.
  • Acetonitrile is recognized for its low toxicity and low environmental impact, making it a more environmentally friendly option compared to other solvents with similar properties. Its ability to volatilize at relatively low temperatures and its miscibility with water also contribute to its broad range of applications.
  • Acetonitrile is a crucial chemical in various industries, serving as a versatile solvent and a key component in numerous chemical processes, from pharmaceuticals to industrial cleaning and beyond.
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Acetonitrile