Caustic Soda (Sodium Hydroxide): An Ultimate Guide
What is Caustic Soda?
- Caustic soda is an inorganic compound made up of sodium, hydrogen and oxygen. It has the chemical name sodium hydroxide with the formula NaOH. There are three different forms of caustic soda which include caustic soda pearls, caustic soda flakes and caustic soda LYE liquid.
In this blog we will discuss:
- The Uses of Caustic Soda
- What are Caustic Soda Pearls and What are they Used for?
- What are Caustic Soda Flakes and What are they Used for?
- What is Liquid Caustic Soda (LYE) and What is it Used for?
- Handling and Proper Storage of Caustic Soda
- Environmental Impacts of Caustic Soda
- Exporting Caustic Soda and Regulations
- Transportation of Caustic Soda
- Cost of Caustic Soda
- Purchasing caustic Soda and Where to Buy
- Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) about Caustic Soda
The Uses of Caustic Soda
- Sodium Hydroxide is used for a variety of purposes, including giving food with a crunchy texture and preserving canned food by preventing mold and bacteria from developing in the canning process.
- Caustic soda is commonly used as a water purification agent because of its strong alkaline characteristics, which serve as a disinfectant and remove pollutants while also raising the pH level. It's widely utilized in municipal and commercial water treatment facilities.
- Caustic soda is a common component in soaps and detergents. It is the major active ingredient in deodorants and disinfectants.
- Sodium Hydroxide is found in a variety of medicines, including aspirin, blood thinners, and cholesterol-lowering treatments.
- Sodium Hydroxide is a key component in the manufacture of fuel cells, which keep energy generators like wind turbines operating on clean and efficient energy.
Caustic Soda Flakes
What are Caustic Soda Pearls and What are they used for?
- Caustic soda Pearls are almost odourless white spheres of caustic soda. They are soluble in water and, with the release of heat, are stable under normal conditions. They are also known as sodium hydroxide pearls, caustic soda beadlets, sodium hydrate, or sodagrain.
- They are used in the production of petroleum, in processing cotton, in aluminum etching, paint stripping and production of soap and detergents.
- Caustic soda pearls are used in the paper industry in the pulping and bleaching processes.
- This chemical is utilized in the aluminum industry. Caustic soda dissolves bauxite ore, which is used as a raw material in aluminum production.
- Saponification, which is required in the manufacture of vegetable oils and fats for soap making, is produced by Caustic Soda Pearls.
- They assist in the production and processing of petroleum products in the natural gas industry. They're also employed in the textile business, where sodium hydroxide is used to process cotton chemically.
- Because it is a vital element in a variety of downstream goods such as solvents, polymers, textiles, and adhesives, caustic soda pearls are also utilised in chemical processing. Fabrics, plastics, adhesives, solvents, and other items are processed using them in the chemical industry.
- Caustic soda pearls can be used on a small scale as well. It can, among other things, etch metals, analyse chemicals, and remove paint. It can also be used to drain and pipe oven cleaners and other household items.
- In gold mining processes, Caustic Soda Pearls is used in the stripping of gold absorbed onto activated carbon.
- Caustic soda has protective alkalinity that stabilises the cyanide complex and prevents the formation of hydrogen sulphide.
- After that, the carbon is treated with a caustic-cyanide solution at high temperatures and pressures, followed by the use of sodium cyanide to dissolve the gold cyanide.
- Caustic Soda is added for a high pH and is used to reduce Hydrogen Cyanide gas.
Caustic Soda Pearls
What are Caustic Soda Flakes and What are they used for?
Caustic soda flakes are a white flake mass with a high hygroscopicity and water solubility. Sodium hydroxide flakes, or NaOH flakes, are another name for them.
- Caustic soda flakes are used in a variety of industrial applications. They are used in alcohol production, cotton making, leather production, as well as in the textile industry to dye nylon and polyester.
- Caustic soda flakes are made by evaporating liquid caustic soda and are used in the mining industry as a flotation agent for various ores such as bauxite and in the ceramics processing business.
- It is often utilized in the Mining-Elution stripping of gold adsorbed onto activated carbon.
- Caustic Soda Flakes are also used in the manufacture of sodium salts and in water treatment.
- Additional applications of Caustic Soda Flakes include:
- Pulp and paper industry
- Dyes and pharmaceutical industries
- Aluminum processing
- Manufacture of soaps and detergents
- Petroleum refining
- Manufacture of plastics
Caustic Soda Flakes
What is Liquid Caustic Soda (LYE) and What is it Used for?
- Caustic soda in liquid form is known as LYE.
- Caustic soda, commonly known as LYE, is a frequent ingredient in soaps and detergents. Deodorants and disinfectants have it as the main active component.
- LYE is an exceptionally effective cleaner and remover of debris and buildup from sewers and drains since it is a highly powerful inorganic chemical. It works by turning clog-causing material into soap that can be rinsed away, and it's a common component in many domestic drain-cleaning treatments.
- LYE is a pulp & paper bleaching chemical that removes ink from paper and allows recycled materials to be reused. It also turns discarded wood into cellulose, the main component of paper.
- Textiles are whitened and bleached using LYE in the textile business particularly denim,
Liquid Caustic Soda LYE
Handling and Proper Storage of Caustic Soda
- Handling: Avoid getting it in your eyes, on your skin, or on your clothes. Breathing mists or sprays should be avoided. The danger assessment required by 29 CFR 1910.132 should be used to choose any personal protective equipment (d).
- Water and acids might cause the product to react aggressively. When diluted with water, caustic solutions produce heat. The heat generated by concentrations larger than 40% can boost temperatures over the boiling point, causing occasional, forceful eruptions or spattering.
- Keep incompatible items out of reach.
- When food and beverage items, as well as other sugars, come into contact with enclosed containers, dangerous carbon monoxide gas can develop.
- To guarantee the safety of workers entering boats, precautions should be taken, including carbon monoxide monitoring in the atmosphere.
- Tin, aluminum, brass, zinc, and alloys comprising these metals should not be utilized as storage containers. When storing and handling caustic soda, follow all federal, state, and municipal restrictions, as well as any insurance rules.
Caustic Soda Pearls
Environmental Impacts of Caustic Soda & How to Dispose
- Ecotoxicity: The material is somewhat hazardous to aquatic creatures on an acute basis (LC50 in most sensitive species between 10 and 100 mg/L). May induce pH changes outside of the 5-10 standard unit range, which might be harmful to aquatic species.
- Do not dispose of products in sewers, on the ground, or in bodies of water. Local, state, and federal laws and regulations must all be followed while disposing of waste (contact local or state environmental agency for specific rules). The waste generator is responsible for waste classification and compliance with applicable legislation.
- Container Disposal: Before disposing of a container, check the regulations of the federal, state, and municipal governments.
- Do not dispose of waste in regular trash cans or sewage systems. Everything that can't be reused or recycled, including containers, should be disposed of in an approved trash disposal site. This product's processing, usage, or contamination may alter trash disposal choices.
Exporting Caustic Soda and Regulations
- Imported caustic soda is allocated a Harmonized System (HS) code. The HS code is part of a complex coding system that is used to track and mark products in international trade. It provides customs inspectors all around the world with a precise method of determining what products are being imported or exported. If you're importing caustic soda, be sure the HS code matches the type of caustic soda you're importing.
Caustic Soda Pearls Packaging
Transportation of Caustic Soda
- Caustic soda should be kept in containers that can handle the corrosive nature of the chemical. Because of the "leak-seeking" character of NaOH and the chemical hazards it causes, further containment procedures are necessary. When preserving or transporting Caustic soda pearls, certain metals should be avoided. Aluminum, lead, tin, zinc, and zinc alloys like brass and bronze are among them.
- Given the presence of zinc in the protective coating, galvanized steel must also be avoided. Because of the high pH and presence of water, the metals will be chemically attacked by sodium hydroxide, which will release them into the solution, where they will be converted to flammable and explosive hydrogen gas. Although caustic soda will chemically destroy mild steel at high temperatures, carbon steel is considered safe for handling and storing NaOH.
- Steel rail tanks are used to store liquid sodium hydroxide. Tank vehicles are used to transport dangerous goods in order to comply with rules. Closed tanks made of alkali-resistant materials should be used to store it. This product has a one-year shelf life guarantee from the date of manufacture.
Liquid Caustic Soda Packaging
Cost of Caustic Soda
- Caustic soda flakes are less expensive than caustic soda pearls. Caustic soda flakes range in price from $340 to $350, while caustic soda pearls are approximately $460. The price of caustic soda LYE 32 percent is $495, while the price of caustic soda LYE 50 percent is $550.
Purchasing Caustic Soda and Where to Buy
- Are you looking to buy caustic soda online? For a FREE quote on high-quality industrial chemicals and reagents, please contact us. We also provide a large selection of mining chemicals, water chemicals, and specialty chemicals. Caustic Soda is available in the form of caustic soda pearls, caustic soda flakes, and Caustic Soda LYE from Camachem.
- Please contact us (sales@camachem) or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271
FAQ on Caustic Soda
What is Caustic Soda Used for?
Because of its strong alkaline properties, sodium hydroxide is utilized for a number of applications, including water purification and as a popular component in soaps and detergents. Deodorants and disinfectants have it as the main active component. It's used in a number of medications and is a vital component in fuel cell production.
Is Caustic Soda Harmful to Humans?
Caustic soda is, in fact, hazardous to people. Long-term exposure can cause upper respiratory discomfort and nasal passage ulcers. High amounts can result in long-term lung damage.
How is Caustic Soda made?
Different methods are used to make caustic soda flakes and caustic soda pearls. The chloralkali method, which includes electrolysis of sodium chloride using one of three cell types: mercury, diaphragm, or membrane, is used to make caustic soda. For every tonne of chlorine produced, up to 1.1 tonnes of caustic soda can be generated. On the other hand, technical sodium hydroxide flakes are made by evaporating liquid caustic soda.
What is the Formula for Caustic Soda?
The formula for Casutic Soda is NaOH.
What does Caustic Soda look like?
Caustic soda pearls have a granular texture, whereas caustic soda flakes have a lamellar appearance. As a result, caustic soda pearls resemble fish eggs or caviar, and caustic soda flakes resemble tiny flakes.
How much does Caustic Soda Cost?
Caustic soda flakes cost $340 - $350, while caustic soda pearls cost around $460. Caustic soda LYE 32% costs $495 and caustic soda LYE 50% costs $550.
Caustic Soda Pearls Packaging
What are the Hazards of Caustic Soda?
Skin contact can cause irritation, which may or may not be uncomfortable right away. Severe burns with scarring develop from increased exposure.
Contact with Caustic Soda solid, dust, mist, or solution causes acute discomfort and can lead to severe eye damage, including blindness.
Inhalation causes respiratory irritation, which, based on the extent of exposure, might progress to significant lung damage. Pneumonitis can become quite serious.
Ingestion produces rapid, intense pain in the mouth, throat, and stomach, as well as diarrhea and vomiting, and may end in collapse. Blood and perhaps tissue can be seen in vomitus.
This chemical has the potential to harm all tissues that come into touch with it. Ingestion can lead to death. If the patient survives, the gastrointestinal tract may be permanently damaged, and the person may have trouble swallowing in the future.
Is Caustic Soda Soluble?
SOLUBILITY IN WATER: VERY soluble (111 g/100 mL at 20 o C (68 F).
SOLVENT SOLUBILITY: Soluble: alcohol,glycerol Insoluble: acetone,ether.
What is the pH of Caustic Soda?
Caustic soda is a strongly alkaline material used to control the pH of products and other chemical substances.
What is the difference in Caustic Soda Pearls and Caustic Soda Flakes?
The physical form or shape of caustic soda pearls against caustic soda flakes is the most essential differential. The texture of caustic soda pearls is granular, whereas caustic soda flakes are lamellar. Caustic soda pearls look like fish eggs or caviar, while caustic soda flakes seem like small flakes.
Where to Buy Caustic Soda?
At Camachem, we have Caustic Soda for sale in the form of caustic soda pearls, caustic soda flakes and Caustic soda LYE. Please contact us (sales@camachem) or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.
Sodium Hydroxide Packaging
How to Neutralize Caustic Soda?
Inhalation: If a person inhales a considerable amount of this chemical, get them to fresh air as soon as possible. Assist in airway management in an emergency. If necessary, provide 100% humidified supplementary oxygen with artificial respiration. Transport to an emergency room.
If this chemical is ingested while the individual is aware, offer water or milk right once to dilute the Caustic Soda; no more than 8 ounces for adults and 4 ounces for children is suggested to reduce the chance of vomiting. Make no attempt to induce vomiting in the person. Seek emergency medical help immediately.
If this chemical comes into contact with your eyes, immediately flush them with plenty of room temperature water. During the flushing procedure, keep your eyelids apart. To avoid lasting damage, washing must begin within 10 seconds of contact and continue for 30 minutes. Seek medical help right away. A visit with an ophthalmologist is required.
Skin: If this chemical comes into touch with your skin, flush it completely with water for at least 15 minutes. If this chemical gets into your clothes, take them off right once and wash your skin thoroughly with water. Seek medical help as soon as possible.
Proper Disposal of Caustic Soda?
Waste should not be disposed of in sewers, on the ground, or in bodies of water. When disposing of garbage, local, state, and federal rules and regulations must all be observed. For particular restrictions, you should contact your local or state environmental agency. Waste categorization and compliance with applicable regulations are the responsibility of the waste generator.